5G or 5th Generation is the latest generation of mobile networks. It is the upcoming wireless standard after 4G that will be soon introduced all over the world. 5G network is designed to connect all of the devices together virtually.
The main purpose of 5G technology is to deliver much faster internet speeds with low latency, increased availability, more reliability along with support for more devices than ever.
With 5G Network technology, data can be transmitted at ultra-fast speeds, with speeds as fast as 20 Gbps and latency as low as 1 ms that will result in real-time feedback. This means that 5G Network Technology will exceed the speeds and latency of the wireline network.
5G Network will soon be deployed to different parts of the world in upcoming years which will result in an increase in reliance on mobile networks.
How does 5G work?
Mobile networks are composed of cell sites through which they transmit data through radio waves. 4G, which is currently the standard of wireless network uses high-power cell towers to transmit signals over long distances, however, 5G network technology involves the usage of large of small cells which are located in places such as light poles in streets or building roofs. The reason behind the usage of a large number of small cells is that the 5G frequency wave is the millimeter spectrum that involves frequencies between 30 and 300 GHz.
It is a general rule of science that lower frequency can travel much longer distance but speed is low and higher frequencies can reach smaller distances but the speed is high. So, the high-frequency of the 5G network technology, the MM wave spectrum can only travel short distances and can easily be interfered from physical obstacles or weather.
Previous generations of mobile network technologies have been using lower-frequencies to offset the problem of distance and interference, however, with 5G this has been changed with the use of a high-frequency band which provides much faster speeds at shorter distances.
Benefits of 5G Network
Although 5G Network has its own disadvantages such as shorter range and more prone to interference but at the same time it has its own benefits such as:
- High Bandwidth
- Latency as low as 1 ms
- Faster Speeds
- Massive Network Capacity
- Increased Availability
- Accurate Location Tracking
- Real-time Communication
- Real-time analysis
- Fixed Wireless services
- Network Slicing
5G is slowly being rolled out in different parts of different countries all around the world. Mobile Operators and Smartphone manufacturers are working to bring 5G network technology as soon as possible all over the world. In the next decade, it will soon be rolled in all parts of the world.